The United States is a federal, representative, democratic republic at the local, state, and national levels.
- Federal because power is shared by the local, state and national governments
- Representative because delegates are elected by the people by free and secret ballots
- Democratic because the people govern themselves
- Republic because the U.S. government derives its power from the will of the people
Lynchburg City Manager - Meet Lynchburg's City Manager, Mr. L. Kimball Payne. Learn more about how he works to serve the City of Lynchburg and contact him with your questions, concerns or ideas.
Lynchburg City Council - Meet Lynchburg's City Council. Find out who represents your ward and his/her term length. Feel free to contact them with questions and concerns you may have.
Click here for more information regarding the City of Lynchburg and the many services they offer or visit them at The City of Lynchburg, 900 Church Street, Lynchburg, VA 24504, 434-856-2489
Virginia General Assembly - Learn about Virginia's General Assembly and the legislative process, research house and senate bills, follow active legislation, and contact your senators and delegates regarding important bills that affect you and your business. This site also provides links to our legislators' official websites. You may also visit their websites by clicking below.
Our Virginia Delegation:
- Senator Steve Newman (R-23rd District; Lynchburg, Bedford, and parts of Amherst and Campbell)
- Senator Frank Ruff (R-15th District; parts of Amherst and Appomattox)
- Senator Tom Garrett (R-22th District; Amherst County (All), Appomattox County (All), Buckingham County (All), Cumberland County (All), Fluvanna County (All), Goochland County (All), Prince Edward County (All), Louisa County (Part), Lynchburg City (Part)
- Delegate Kathy Byron (R-22nd District; parts of Bedford and Campbell Counties)
- Delegate Ben Cline (R-24th District; part of Amherst County)
- Delegate Scott Garrett (R-23rd District; Lynchburg and part of Amherst County)
Virginia Governor - Meet Governor Bob McDonnell, read about his legislative initiatives, review his public schedule and contact him regarding issues that are pertinent to your business.
Virginia State Capitol - Plan a visit to our State Capitol in Richmond, tour the newly renovated building or take a virtual tour via the internet. See website for hours of operation, admission and directions.
United States Government
U.S. Congress - "The U.S. Constitution states that Congress will consist of two separate houses. A lawmaking body with two houses is called a bicarmeral legislature. The two houses that make up the U. S. Congress are the Senate and the House of Representatives."
"Both the Senate and the House of Representatives have equal legislative functions and powers with certain exceptions. (For example, the Constitution provides that only the House of Representatives originate revenue bills. By tradition, the House also originates appropriation bills.) As both bodies have equal legislative powers, the designation of one as the ‘‘upper’’ House and the other as the ‘‘lower’’ House is not appropriate."
"The Senate has the function of advising and consenting to treaties and to certain nominations by the President. However under the 25th Amendment to the Constitution, both Houses confirm the President’s nominationfor Vice-President when there is a vacancy in that office. In the matter of impeachments, the House of Representatives presents the charges-a function similar to that of a grand jury-and the Senate sits as a court to try the impeachment. No impeached person may be removed without a two-thirds vote of the Senate. The Congress under the Constitution and by statute also plays a role in presidential elections."
"If no candidate receives a majority of the total electoral votes, the House of Representatives, each state delegation having one vote, chooses the President from among the three candidates having the largest number of electoral votes. The Senate, each Senator having one vote, chooses the Vice President from the two candidates having the largest number of votes for that office."
For quick access to both state and federal legislators, visit www.congress.org
Lawmaking - The "presentment clause" describes the only way that a bill can become law: it must be passed in identical form by both Houses and it must be signed by the president or passed by a two-thirds vote of Congress over the president’s veto. If, while Congress is in session, the president does not sign a bill, it automatically becomes law. If Congress has adjourned or is in recess, the president can "pocket veto" the bill - in a sense, simply putting it in his pocket, unsigned. Congress cannot override bills that have been pocket vetoed. Click here for an overview of How Our Laws are Made.
U.S. Senate - Email our U.S. Senators Jim Webb and Mark Warner directly from this site or contact them via phone or mail. As well, follow the Senate schedule, learn about the legislative process, and keep attuned to how our senators vote on issues that affect your business. Read about the history of the U.S. Senate and the duties of the Vice President and President Pro Temp in Senate proceedings.
U.S. House of Representatives - Email U.S Congressmen Bob Goodlatte and Tom Perriello directly from this page, secure mail and phone contact information as well as learn more about the House of Representatives legislative process.
U.S. President - Obtain information about the White House and our 44th U.S. President Barack Obama and First Lady Michelle Obama. Learn about the office of the President, the Executive Branch of our government, Vice President Joe Biden, the President's Cabinet, and the numerous committees and agencies that serve along side him.
U.S. White House and U.S. Capitol - Plan a visit to Washington, D.C. and schedule a tour of the White House and Capitol buildings. See website for tour hours, admission, etc. White House tours need to be scheduled well in advance.
Historical Government Documents
Declaration of Independence - Read the Declaration of Independence and learn of its history and about the signers. To see the Declaration in person, plan a visit to the National Archives Museum in Washington, D.C.
U.S. Constitution - Read about the U.S. Constitution, including the Preamble, the Bill of Rights and Amendments. Receive a summary of each part as you read. The Federal Convention convened in the State House (Independence Hall) in Philadelphia on May 14, 1787, to revise the Articles of Confederation. Because the delegations from only two states were at first present, the members adjourned from day to day until a quorum of seven states was obtained on May 25. Through discussion and debate it became clear by mid-June that, rather than amend the existing Articles, the Convention would draft an entirely new frame of government. And so the U.S. Consititution was penned. To see the Constitution in person, plan a visit to the National Archives Museum in Washington, D.C.